melanoma

WHO IS MOST AT RISK OF GETTING MELANOMA

WHO IS MOST AT RISK OF GETTING MELANOMA


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  • - JANELLE CYR
  • - M.D.C.M | PGY-3 DERMATOLOGY
  • - UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO
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INDIVIDUAL FACTORS

Individual risk factors of melanoma include the following:


  • Light pigmented skin
  • Blonde or red hair
  • Having many moles
  • Having several atypical moles
  • Tendency to burn easily
  • Someone who takes medication or has a condition that makes their immune system less active
  • Having a personal history of melanoma in the past also increases your risk for developing melanoma again in the future

SUN EXPOSURE

  • Habitual sun exposure over time
  • Intense intermittent sun exposure (e.g., vacationing in Cuba or Mexico)
  • History of severe sunburns in childhood or adolescence
  • Living closer to the equator
  • Tendency to burn easily
  • Having to receive UVA light treatments for psoriasis or eczema
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TANNING SALONS

  • Use of tanning beds and salons, especially under the age of 35 has been shown as an independent risk factor for developing melanoma
  • Use of tanning beds before the age of 30 has also been associated with an earlier age of onset of melanoma
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) and International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) list tanning beds as a carcinogen (cancer causing agent)

FAMILY HISTORY AND GENETICS

  • Family history increases your risk of melanoma
  • There are certain gene mutations associated with melanoma. Common mutations include BRAF, c-KIT, ERBB4, GNAQ (melanoma of the uvea) and c-KIT (in melanomas of the mucosa, hands, feet and sun damaged skin).
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